nr. 85 / 7 dhjetor 2005



The Anniversary of Qafthan Massacres  Passes Quietly Without Mention by the Government

Some of the worst massacres ever committed in Albania were does of October-November 1990 in Qafthan, the connecting point between Greece and Albania.

Hundreds of innocent Albanians were killed by "our" ruthless military officers, and their bodies disposed of in hidden places, and have yet to be recovered. The governments of Albania, be it the Socialists or Democrats, have failed thus far to take this issue seriously and conduct a thorough and impartial

investigation as to who ordered these killings? Why were they ordered? What was the chain of command? Who committed them? Where are the bodies of the victims? Where are the military officers who are lleged to have committed these murders? Why were some of them pardoned? Who pardoned them and why? etc.

As mothers, fathers, wives and children gathered at Qafthan, for the 15th year, to commemorate the killings of their sons, husbands, fathers and children during the months of October and November 1990, they again called upon the government of Albania to investigate and brig to justice the officials and officers who ordered the execution, and participated in, the killing of their loved-ones as they were fleeing to Greece in search of freedom. However, their cries fell in to deaf ears, again. There were no government officials present at this commemoration.

Agim Smaili, a boarder solder at that time, who was tried, convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison for having refused to kill any escapees, said that "Between the months of October 1990 and November 1990, hundreds, if not thousands, of Albanians attempted to flee Albania and cross over to Greece by way

of Qafthan. The Kopstik Military Post was the one to defend this path. Aware of the number of Albanians fleeing through that path, the Albanian Ministry of Defense ordered enforcement from Korc to that Post, to try to stem out the flow of Albanians to Greece. The order was "Shoot to kill". All the officers had

received the same order, and they gave the same order to their boarder solders"

"The boarder soldiers were supposed to be the most trusted ones and obey these orders without question. However, we refused to shoot and kill our fellow countrymen. A group of us chose to flee Albania and go to Greece rather than kill our fellow citizens. We were called deserters and were accused of having

betrayed Albania, a crime punishable, at that time, by 15 years imprisonment", said Panajot Karafili telephonically from Greece, where he has been living since he fled Albania in November of 1990. 

"When the officers realized that the solders were disobeying their orders, they led a group of "Special Forces" and committed these killings themselves", said Nikollaq Bako, 35, who was assigned to Qafthan at that time, and who fled to Greece with some 20 other soldiers who refused to shoot the escapees. 

"We want the names of these officers to be published, then have them arrested and tried in an impartial court of law for murdering out family members" said Angelina Tirana, 55, whose son, Angle, 22, was killed by these officers.

"The boarder solders did not kill our loved-ones", said Artur Velia, the Chairman of the Group for the Truth on the Qafthan Massacre. "They disobeyed their superiors and then their superiors, in conjunction with the Special Forces from Tirana, did the killings", he said. "We want those superiors brought to justice", he continued.

Our call to the Offices of the Attorney General of Albania, in Tirana, Mr. Olldashi, were not returned, nor were the calls to the office of the Public Advocate.

The reason for the government's silence to this issue is conspicuous. If charges are brought against the officers responsible for those murders, those officers would implicate the politicians, too.  And that is

unacceptable in Albania today.

Maybe one day, when Albania elects a government that is not implicated in cover ups, these families will get their wish fulfilled.

The editorial office


Deputies and the crazy people enjoy immunity

Limiting the immunity to deputies isn’t as simple as it might appear, and not even political at all. Amongst three lawyers who agreed to answer for our newspaper, two admitted to have defended accused people who had mental problems, in other words, were crazy people. It was normal that their clients were judged innocent. Yet, this phenomenon is not the purpose of this article, for we don’t mean to discuss why the court judged innocent someone who obtained from a psychiatrist some legal shelter or immunity.

      The bad, even worse than the missing power for the Albanian society, is that even deputies, likewise the madmen, enjoy legal shelter, as it is to say immunity.

      I am convinced that, even not referring to the present evidence; every reader could see personally some bad behavior of; everyone heard someone saying: “Let him go, he is mad”.

      We suppose this means that a missing response by the society is directly linked to the known fact that the law doesn’t condemn that person. In the same way, this society, everywhere in Albania, doesn’t judge even the elected.

      Again, not referring to the present evidence, I am convinced that every Albanian has heard about abused by the deputy, the minister, the diplomatic, the mayor, the director…

      Even in these cases someone, even the law, said: “Let him go, we can do nothing, he enjoys immunity”. So, let go the madman, let go the deputy; thus it appears that psychological concepts become institutionalized and thanks to this bad government until today could build their house only for mad people and deputies, for the society surrenders to some other rules, isn’t it true?

      The Prime Minister Sali Berisha committed to demolish this “house” where the maddest, even deputies and VIP-s shelter. At least he is spotless and as a physician can examine the actions of the qualified people, while many criminals were judged innocent and after that came out to be as unable mentally as to make their businesses. In second hand he is sincere, so he can treat VIP-s as abusing when they’re really such, defining the law as well as the standard of behavior. The standard of behavior of the deputy, in certain circumstances, isn’t better than that of the “madman”. They enjoy immunity, do not give account to the law, use misbehavior and are paid by the State, from the society who pays bills.

      The mad within the madhouse cannot be condemned by law even if he kills. The same way the deputy within the parliament cannot be condemned, can he? The former deputy Gafur Mazreku shot four times with a pistol within the Parliament and wasn’t condemned.

      Did you mean condemnation?

      No, no, it is about a… deputy.

      Even outside the parliament the mad is like the deputy, as this last one “gave birth” to the law in this way.

      The mad outside the madhouse enjoys pension and feels good, the former deputy, outside the parliament enjoys “pension”, 800 US$ in a month and… doesn’t feel good.

      We think this is a phenomenon, for with so many psychological sick-leaves and so many deputies, they will become too many in a few years. If some files will be checked, it might come out that in the little Albania there are more “mad people” than in Italy and Germany together. In a simple calculation, if China had as many deputies per capita, it might come out a number of almost 70.000 deputies.

      In this context, someone might ask if there is any difference between the mad and the deputy in Albania. There is difference. The mad cannot notice the difference between good and evil, while the deputy that that is considered unacceptable for the society he makes it a standard to himself, showing himself even more supercilious than the mad. The mad fears the white uniform, while the deputy doesn’t care about the black uniforms, instead he can even cause trouble to these ones if he wants to.

      We say this because we think we don’t have yet representatives which are acceptable to the society. Shkodra, for instance has given the vote for change, but we think that if there were in parliament people like Anton Leka, Qashif Hoxha, Paulin Radovani, Tonin Gjuraj, Fatlum Nurja, Ormir Rusi etc, things would be different; at least without the pressure of the 99 formulas.

      America, the bastion of human freedom and rights is based, as we all know, on the moral. There so much we can say about this, we just need to start typing. So, if it doesn’t sound badly if you see a prostitute in Tirana and someone says: “Let her go, it’s just a prostitute”; if it doesn’t sound badly if you say about a madman: “Let him go, it’s just a madman”; it sounds very badly when someone says: “Let him go… he is a deputy”.

Sokol Pepushaj


Bujanovc: Bomb attack on the house of Reshat Avdullahi

A few days before, on November 28, there was a bomb attack on the house of Reshat Avdullahi in the village of Zarbinca, in Bujanovc. The explosion destroyed partially the building. This house, likewise all others in the mountains of Bujanovc, are empty since the last conflict, when the inhabitants were forcedly removed from there by the Serb army, which is still today established in this area. The motives and characters of this terrorist act aren’t known officially yet, for the Serb police refused to make pronunciations for our journal.

      According to reliable sources we had, we knew that this attack meant to kill Reshat Avdullahi, about whom the Serbs had evidence he had come back from France. Fortunately Reshat Avdullahi wasn’t there. By the way, it is worth to say that Reshat Avdullahi was one of the most active people known in the Party for Democratic Action since its foundation, until the day he left for France in order to escape death. We came to know that many of his friends were killed though innocent, just because they gave their contribution for human freedom and rights, what only the American care can make real for them. Reshat Avdullahi covered important political positions in this party, as the leader for the area of Malësi, including the villages of Zarbinca, Pribovc, Novosela, Suharren and Ramnabuq, as well as the position of the member of the headship for the branch of Bujanovc.

      According to our sources, his political activity is the cause of much information exchanged within the Serb Police, what brought to his imprisonment, where he suffered violence and mistreatment. In the response of the branch of PDA in Bujanovc, about the bomb attack on November 28, it is considered an attack of the Serb secret police against the life of Reshat Avdullahi, with the purpose to eliminate him on one hand, and cause panic making impossible the return of the population, on the other hand.

      We could have the pronunciation of the mother of Reshat, Mrs. Sherife Avdullahi, who was very shocked by this terrorist act and concerned about the life of her son at the same time. Sherife Avdullahi sustains this was the second attack, after that of September 10, 2001. She said crying she received a message from her son that he might come back from the occident, and this she thought was terrible, because her son could be killed. Many mothers wear in black for their sons who lost their lives either killed with guns, bombs or perfidiously knifed etc., even though many years passed, when they thought they could meet their families peacefully.

Jetmir Delaj


Clarification about the article “Albania, a little country of big crimes”

We want to clarify, for the many readers of the “Shqipëria Etnike” newspaper in and abroad, about some technical mistakes detected in one of the articles of the previous editions, in that entitled “Albania, a little country of big crimes”, in the 77th number of June 14, 2005, on page 10, written by Rifat Ymeri.

      In this article the sorrowful story is told about the young couple Kreshnik Osmani and Manjola Zojza, who had to emigrate likewise many others, in order to escape death.

      Because of technical mistakes during the preparation process of the newspaper, in some sentences there is some inaccuracy concerning the dates presented. For instance where it is written that “on March 31, 1994, Kreshnik Osmani became member of the Association “2 Prilli”…”, we want to clarify that it should be “Kreshnik became member of the Association “13 Dhjetori 1990” on October 10, 1994, instead of January 11, 1995”.

      In another sentence it is written that “on October 20, 1998, he was called at the Police Station of Shkodra, and during the interrogation…”, we want to clarify that “Kreshnik had no fractures on the back part of his head when beaten on October 20, 1998, but was seriously wounded”.

      Another impropriety was in another sentence, where it is written that “on October 2002, the democrat Kreshnik Osmani came to know Manjola Ndue Zojza, activist and member of the DP since 2001…”, and we want to clarify that “Manjola Zojza was arrested on April 2, 2002 and not on April 2, 1992”.

      Where it was written that “from April 11 until April 14, 2003, Manjola was kept at the Police Station, with the banal accusation…”, we want to clarify that “it is about the feast of Catholic Easter of 2003 and not that of 2004”.

      The editorial office of the “Shqipëria Etnike” newspaper considered proper to give this clarification, begging pardon to its many readers in and abroad, about the inexactnesses due to some technical mistakes during the preparation process of edition.

The editorial office


Property Mafia killing legal proprietors

Property problems in Albania are and will be great and complicated to solve, also due to the inability of the Albanian State to give a proper solution for the legal proprietors. In Albania there were and will be many victims, as a result of this situation. Victims will be caused not only with the legal solution of this problem, but also because of the property Mafia (as it is called now in Albania). These property robbers are people linked to the structures of the local and central authorities, who took possession of others’ properties in different ways. As they have their own friends in the mortgage, through illegal privatization and false property documents, they recorded these properties for themselves. This is a phenomenon encountered mostly along the seaside areas of Albania, like in Durrës, Golem, Saranda etc.

      Having authority on many things, these land robbers built their dirty business on these properties, like palaces, hotels, disco etc.

      If it was this alone, I wouldn’t consider writing this article down, for these are known and frequent problems in Albania, but there’s another evil thing occurring in Albania, while many legal landowners do not dare to claim their right of property, as seriously menaced by this Mafia. This is what happened in some cases in these last days to some landowners who started trials to have their lands back.

      It is actual the case of the family Xhafa, who claimed the right of its land in Golem and those Mafiosi kidnapped Dashamir Xhafa, one of the sons of this family. Since June 2005, Dashamir was kidnapped and results missing traceless. The destiny of Mr. Azbi Mitrolozi, the proprietor of a huge land in Plazh of Durrës, was almost the same, as he was killed on October 18, 2005.

      It was more than one year since Azbi started a trial to have his land back, but he was warned several times, to give up this trial, otherwise he would be eliminated along with his family.

      It is the responsibility of the Albanian State and the international institutions to do their intervention as soon as possible to solve this property problem in Albania with righteousness.

The correspondent of “Shqipëria Etnike


Socialists leave Albania because of serious menaces

The story repeats; but for how far shall we go like this? Every time there is political rotation or government replacement in Albania, it starts a class conflict toward the members and followers of different political forces. This is what happened to socialists in 1992, when democrats came on power, this happened to democrats in 1997, when socialists won the elections, and the same is happening to socialists today after the elections of July 3, 2005. The DP is using against them violence and psychological and moral terror, to force them leave their homes, jobs or business and depart from Albania. This was the same destiny of the businessman and member of the SP in Lushnje, Mr. Kadri Myrtaj.

      Mr. Kadri Myrtaj was an honest tradesman, enjoying great reputation in Lushnje, where he was involved by the Socialist Party in the elections’ commission of the area. He didn’t want to be part of manipulations in the elections of July 3rd in this area. He reported the manipulations and violence used by the DP during these elections. As a result of this, he was subject to menaces and blackmail by structures of the DP in town. There were attempts of physical elimination toward his family, by criminals of the DP. In these serious conditions, as a trial started against him for abandoning the elections’ commission of the area, he and his family were forced to leave Albania, leaving home and business.

The correspondent of “Shqipëria Etnike


Blood-feud menacing even the baby in the womb

It is one of the heaviest plagues of the Albanian society. The State is unable to change something in this killing scheme, while different associations give shocking numerals about the victims of blood-feud. All the Albanians are victims of shots in the name of blood-feud, no mater their age, from the aged to the children, even those who’re still waiting to start life, experiencing fear in the womb of the mother. What Manjola Nikoll Kiçi is experiencing is a real tragedy. Her only fault was to marry one of the members of the family of Robert Kiçi. This is a really sad story and represents very well the chain of human foolishness in the name of blood-feud.

      Robert Kiçi, Manjola’s brother in law, the brother of Rrik, her husband, on February 19, 2005, killed for revenge a member of the family Cubashi. Since that time, as it is written in the Canon where blood-feud is based, menaces started toward all the members of the family Kiçi, even toward women. Manjola wasn’t out of this terrible scheme too. Even her child in her womb is menaced. It is true that this young family is totally destroyed. Manjola and her husband, Rrik, left the country to be safe, for death is nearer than life, which they were supposed to live in happiness. Since June of this year, Manjola didn’t see her husband and has no information about him, though she was supposed to have her husband near her in these days waiting for the fruit of their love. The drama of Manjola, her husband and their family shows perfectly that the “Plague of the century” in Albania isn’t AIDS, but Blood-feud, which spares neither the baby in the womb of its mother.

Albert Vataj